Five Types of Driving Impairment in Rockford

David Monteleone
Illinois Accident and Wrongful Death Lawyer

  Posted  |  Category : Auto Accident Attorney

Personal Injury LawyerEvery year, car crashes seriously injure millions of people. Some form of negligence causes most of these crashes. That negligence could be a lack of ordinary care or a violation of a safety statute, like running a stop light. Most of these crashes also involve one of the five types of driving impairment, per the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.


Damages in a vehicle collision claim usually include compensation for economic losses, such as medical bills and non-economic losses, such as pain and suffering. In certain kinds of impairment cases, such as an extremely fatigued or intoxicated driver, additional punitive damages may be available as well.


Medical Condition

Chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart disease and epilepsy often cause sudden and unexpected loss of consciousness, which can lead to extremely dangerous, loss-of-control collisions. In these situations, there is simply no telling where the tortfeasor’s (negligent driver’s) car may travel and who or what it might collide with.


People with adverse medical conditions know they should not drive. In many cases, due to their health conditions, they have safety-suspended licenses. If they drive anyway, they are clearly putting their own convenience ahead of the safety of other people. If there is clear and convincing evidence the tortfeasor acted recklessly in this way, punitive damages may be in order.



Of all the types of impairment, distraction is the only one which is related to vehicle operation. Distracted driving comes in many forms, but hand-held cell phones may be the most prominent source of distraction. These gadgets combine all three forms of distracted driving, which are:

  • Manual (taking one’s hands off the wheel),
  • Cognitive (taking one’s mind off driving) and
  • Visual (taking one’s eyes off the road)

Hands-free devices may be even more dangerous than hand-held devices. They are not manually distracting, but they are distracting in other ways. Additionally, they give many motorists a false sense of security.



Even though police and courts have tried for decades to reduce the number of drunk drivers, alcohol still causes about a third of the fatal car crashes in Rockford. After just one drink, alcohol clouds a person’s judgement and inhibits motor skills, making drivers unable to make sound decisions behind the wheel and unable to respond quickly to a changing environment.


Tortfeasors who have a blood alcohol level (BAC) above Illinois’ legal limit of .08, may be liable for car crash damages as a matter of law. In other cases, victim/plaintiffs may use circumstantial evidence to establish a lack of care. Such circumstantial evidence includes:

  • Bloodshot eyes,
  • Unsteady balance and
  • Odor of alcohol

Alcohol-related crashes also may involve third party liability. In some cases, grocery stores, bars, and other commercial alcohol providers may be legally responsible for damages.



Alcohol and fatigue affect the brain in roughly the same way. Both cloud judgement, make simple tasks difficult and make multitasking almost impossible. There are some chemical similarities as well. Driving after 18 consecutive awake hours is like driving with a .05 BAC.



The law places alcohol and drug impairment in the same category. In Illinois, it’s illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Impairing substances include:

  • Street drugs, like heroin or crack,
  • Prescription painkillers, like Fentanyl or Percocet and
  • Many over-the-counter drugs like Sudafed or NyQuil.

Since there is no Breathalyzer test for drug impairment, victim/plaintiffs must rely on the aforementioned circumstantial evidence to establish lack of care. Other circumstantial evidence in drugged driving cases includes open pill bottles and current prescriptions.


Contact Tenacious Attorneys

Impaired drivers often cause serious injuries. For a free consultation with an experienced personal injury lawyer in Rockford, contact Fisk & Monteleone, Ltd. We do not charge upfront legal fees in negligence cases.